Rosemary C. Burkart

Flight Nurse
Second Lieutenant Rosemary C. Burkart, Army Nurses Corps, of this city, was of the eighth graduating class which graduated on [**data missing** ] the Army Air Force Air Evacuation, Bowman Field, Louisville, KY.

Having completed the eight-week course, Lieutenant Burkart now has the right to wear the golden wings of a "Flight Nurse." Flight Nurses are the only group of nurses privileged to wear wings.

The integral part of the program of the Army Air Forces, SAE  is the training of  Flight Nurses, "the Angels of Mercy," who ride the skyways to care for the sick and wounded, while in flight from battle-torn areas to hospitals far behind the combat lines.

Lieutenant Rosemary C. Burkart is the wife of Gerhart C. Burkart, Pharmacist's Mate First Class, now in Hunter's Point, San Francisco, CA. She is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John D. Ramharter, 621 Balcom Street.

Eau Claire Girl Is Flight Nurse in Invasion Area
A NINTH AIR FORCE TROOP CARRIER BASE, European Theater of Operations—Second Lieutenant Rosemary C. Burkart, daughter of  Mr. and Mrs. John D. Ramharter, 621 Balcom Street, Eau Claire, WI, is serving as a flight nurse with a medical unit assigned to the Ninth Air Force Troop Carrier Command. 

Ninth Troop Carrier Command, commanded by Brigadier General Paul L. Williams, made history in launching the world's greatest airborne assault against the Normandy defense of Hitler's Atlantic Wall. Troop Carrier Command C-47s and gliders flew in the paratroop and airborne infantry divisions that saled [?] off the Cherbourg Peninsula. 

Medical Air Evacuation squadrons, similar to the one to which Lieutenant Burkart is assigned, are now flying aerial ambulance runs from beachhead casualty centers to base hospitals in Britain, carrying wounded.

Lieutenant Burkart graduated from Eau Claire Business College in 1930 and from St. Mary's School in Minneapolis, MN in 1935. She was employed as a staff nurse by the United States Veterans Bureau in San Francisco, CA and Hot Springs, SD, prior to her entering the Nursing Corps on March 12, 1943. 

Lieutenant Burkart is the wife of Gerhart C. Burkart, Pharmacist's Mate First Class in the United States Navy. 

A life of service and hard work, of adventure and widely varied experiences, is the lot of many American girls who are overseas in some branch of service. Of all the assignments, surely one of the most thrilling is that of Flight Nurse, a Red Cross nurse whose duty it is to care for the wounded while they are being evacuated by airplane. 

An Eau Claire girl who is Flight Nurse is Lieutenant Rosemary Burkart, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John D. Ramharter, 621 Balcom Street  Lieutenant Burkhart recently had the good fortune to fly back to the United States from England and to be granted a special leave, enabling her to surprise her parents by a brief visit here. She took care of 18 little cases flown across the Atlantic for medical care in the United States.  

In letters home, she had previously described some of her experiences. They varied, not only in locale, but in character. For instance, a really gay party in London, to which she and three other  nurses were invited and at which she met many of the nobility, was followed by a period of intensely hard and dangerous work. Of that she wrote, "We are doing massive evacuations from France, making one or more trips daily and going within 5 to 10 miles of the front. We evacuated boys wounded near St. Lo, as quickly as three or four hours after they were wounded. Within 2 1/2 hours, we had them back on the west coast of England." 

Africa and Italy 
Just at that time, Lieutenant Burkart was transferred to Africa and Italy. From Italy, she wrote, "We had a wonderful trip. We spent some time in Casablanca, also considerable time in Tunis. 

"I had an excellent view of Mt. Vesuvius from the air, saw the destruction from the recent eruption. We passed over large areas of land flooded by the Germans.

"I can't tell you where I am now. This place, like so many others, was destroyed and looted by the Germans. The entire city must have been lovely and wealthy, having been one of the places formerly occupied by wealthy tourists. The destruction makes one heartsick. When the Germans evacuated, they destroyed anything of any value which they couldn't take. The doors were chopped with axes, almost every window pane broken, furniture broken or taken. Everything was set with booby traps."

Back to England
August 24, En Route

"We left Italy as suddenly as we left England, with only a few hours notice. I hated to leave Italy. Rome is such a clean, modern city. The Romans are mostly well-educated, friendly people who speak several languages. We were based about 24 miles from Rome, at Lido di Roma, formerly a summer resort, and had facilities to get into Rome every day. Before I left Italy, I went up to the Island of Corsica and evacuated some of the first boys to come back from the southern invasion of  France. Their stories were most interesting. 

"In Africa, the sights I saw I'll never forget. There are many castes but really two distinct classes of peoples, the French and the African natives. The French are mostly clean and well-dressed and live in modern apartments. The natives wear sheets draped around their bodies. The women show only their eyes; most of them have beautiful, black, expressive eyes and are fascinating at a distance. 

"We were in Casablanca when news reached there that the French liberators had taken over Paris. The city went wild. There were parades all afternoon and evening, and the streets were filled with wild, shouting Frenchmen. French flags came out from everywhere. All into the night, people on the streets were shouting 'Viva la France.'

"We visited the sultan's palace, saw his reception room, tea garden, flower garden, harem.  

"No matter where I go, streets are crowded with American soldiers and I wonder who is left at home?" 

Lieutenant Burkart is now back in England, or perhaps now in France. Her husband, Gerhart Burkart, is a Pharmacist's Mate now in Portsmouth, VA.